Tenth Amendment Center: New Hampshire Bill Would Take Steps Toward Rejecting Federal Militarization of Local Police
CONCORD, N.H. (Jan. 5, 2018) – A bill introduced in the New Hampshire House would significantly limit the impact of federal programs that militarize local police.
Rep. J.R. Hoell (R-Dunbarton) introduced House Bill 1431 (HB1431) on Jan. 3. The legislation would prohibit police from acquiring any military equipped, vehicle or military grade hardware that is not readily available on the open commercial market. This would include armored personnel carriers, Title II weapons, unmanned aerial vehicles, or unmanned ground vehicles. The proposed law would apply to military equipment available both through the well-known 1033 program, along with any other military surplus program operated by the federal government.
FEDERAL SURPLUS AND GRANT MONEY
Through the federal 1033 Program, local police departments procure military grade weapons, including automatic assault rifles, body armor and mine-resistant armored vehicles – essentially unarmed tanks. Police departments can even get their hands on military helicopters and other aircraft.
Police can also get military equipment through the Department of Homeland Security via the (DHS) “Homeland Security Grant Program.” In 2013, DHS gave more than $900 million in counterterrorism funds to state and local police. According to a 2012 Senate report, this money has been used to purchase tactical vehicles, drones, and even tanks with little obvious benefit to public safety. And, according to ProPublica, “In 1994, the Justice Department and the Pentagon-funded a five-year program to adapt military security and surveillance technology for local police departments that they would otherwise not be able to afford.”
In August 2017, President Trump issued an executive order that gave a push to local police militarization. Trump’s action rescinded an Obama-era policy meant to provide greater transparency and oversight around the Department of Defense 1033 program and other federal resources that provide military weapons to local police.
Passage of HB1431 would take the first step toward limiting police militarization by prohibiting New Hampshire police departments from getting military equipment from both programs that isn’t available on the civilian market.
COMMAND AND CONTROL
Arming ‘peace officers’ like they’re ready to occupy an enemy city is totally contrary to the society envisioned by the founders. They’ve turned ‘protect and serve’ into ‘command and control.’
In the 1980s, the federal government began arming, funding and training local police forces, turning peace officers into soldiers to fight in its unconstitutional “War on Drugs.” The militarization went into hyper-drive after 9/11 when a second front opened up – the “War on Terror.”
Making it more difficult for local police to acquire this military-grade gear will make them less likely to cooperate with the feds by removing some of the incentives for partnerships. Passage of HB1431 would take a first step toward limiting police militarization in New Hampshire.
HB1431 was referred to the House Municipal and County Government Committee.